Real Estate – The nature of planning and inspection in 2022
As this question received some comments yesterday, now Thuan Hung Group shares its insights to add a little more knowledge for everyone.
Why is planning knowledge important? It's like when you watch sports, you need to know the rules, but watching something without knowing it is both unattractive and easy to misunderstand.
How many types of plans are there?
Planning can be of many types, but in the construction industry, there are four common types, including:
- Orientation planning: Usually each drawing is a province, it is a development orientation for a certain province, and because it is so big, it is not very clear.
- Land use planning: This is the most common type of planning, describing the land type of a certain area, and each district is a file. The majority planning view applications are this type of planning.
- Construction Plan (Or QH 1/2000): This is a type of plan that describes how a certain area is built. This type of planning is more detailed than the Land Use Plan, and the specification is 1 file per project.
- Planning 1/500: Unlike the above 03 types, which are made by the state, the 1/500 plan is done and approved by enterprises, it is common in projects.
How to check the plan?
In addition to the 1/500 plan, which is owned by enterprises, the remaining 03 copies are owned by the state, so to be sure, you must contact the state agency to check. However, many times we want to consult first because if everything goes up to the state to check, it is very time consuming. And to check the planning reference we must have the following:
- We need a plan: The master plan is one of the four types of planning listed above, but to check, we only need two types: type 2 (land use planning) and type 2. No. 3 (Construction planning). Usually, land use planning will be published on the portals of each locality or there are many general places, while construction planning is more difficult to find (also do not know how to find other ways but to go to the Department to apply).
- We must know what to check (or what location): That is, when there is a plan, the next step is to check the plan of what (or location). And to determine this there are usually 3 ways.
The first is by satellite coordinates: That is, we have a certain location on Google maps (be it a navigation, someone shares a location, or an address)… and we want to know that location. What is planning?
Next is a red book / pink book with the number of parcels, want to know what the plan is?
Finally, the coordinates of the corner of the VN2000 boundary: We want to know what is the planning in a land with such coordinates VN2000?
In short, we want to check the plan, there must be 2 things: the planning map, and the location we want to check the plan. If you want a planning map, you can find it online (because this information is public), but now it is not available everywhere.
How does the state check the planning?
According to my understanding, when we want the state to check the planning, we need to take the book to the District Urban Management Office (sometimes to the commune) to get a certificate of planning, which is an official way, apart from In addition, unofficial “quick look” is possible.
The state has all the information, so they will take your book and apply it to the latest planning file. Exactly because it is according to the technical drawings, and from there return the results to the requester.
Thus, to check, the state still needs 02 information, the planning map (available and updated), and the book (check the planning of something or any location). The process is the same.
How does the average person check the plan?
It also needs 2 things, but having it is also a bit difficult. For example:
You can find and download publicly available land use plans (you can apply for it), now this information is not difficult to find because many people share it.
You have a place to look up (with a book, with coordinates of the boundary corner …). However, in general, it is still very difficult to look up, the reason is that you do not know the book, the location you need to look up the plan where it is on the planning map you can download. If you do not have a certain understanding of drawings, maps are a bit stressful.
How does the application test the planning?
Currently there are several applications for planning checking, and in principle, the planning checking applications will be machine-based instead of manual. But the method is the same. Specifically:
- The first is still planning information: Applications will gather pre-existing planning information and then somehow make it possible for users to access this information.
- Maybe some or all, these applications allow conversion and pairing between the location you want to look up and the planning information. There are some examples:
Like dnailis, you can look up by the number of parcels (very good), but by satellite coordinates or VN2000 boundary corner coordinates, it is not much support.
Like informationinquyhoachtp, it is possible to look up by the number of parcels (not very good because of the old), with boundary corner coordinates, but satellite coordinates do not support much.
Thongtinland could not be found by parcel number.
As for Remaps, it supports all of the above, including the number of parcels of 17 provinces (not very good because there are also old places), satellite coordinates (just take the coordinates and paste them in the search box), coordinates boundary angle (use scan function to save time)…
In short, applications have the advantage of being a faster way of doing things because they are integrated, but the weakness is the data and the problem of updating data, the reason is that not all the latest plans are published soon. . However, in the future with the information disclosure policy, it can be believed that the applications will increasingly have updated information for users soon, and then it will be easier to look up the plan.
Looking up planning we need information and know how to look up. Applications only help to look up faster. And note that, before making a decision to "down the money", you should contact the state to check to be sure, because that is where the most accurate and up-to-date planning is, only the downside is that it takes a long time. And like anything, fast there is a risk of error.
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